MAYOR He Ningka signed strategic framework agreements with the China Ecological Civilization Research & Promotion Association, Peking University and Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences on Wednesday, launching the campaign to become a national conservation culture model city in 2016. The municipal government also signed letters of examination responsibility with districts and industrial zone and park administrative committees including Hengqin New Area.
Li Jia, a member of the Standing Committee of the CPC Provincial Committee and secretary of the Municipal CPC Committee, made arrangements for the citywide campaign at the ceremony.
First, a conservation industry will be thoroughly developed and placed in the leading position to force industrial transformation and upgrade.
Second, a resource-effective, environmentally friendly and population-balanced society will be created to rival advanced European and American countries in environment.
Third, a conservation culture will be fostered while mainstream values suited to the requirements of scientific development will be set up.
Fourth, efforts to construct the national conservation culture model city and national model city of social development will be integrated for complementary benefit.
According to the Four-Year Action Programme, which is open for public opinions, the goal of becoming a national conservation culture model city will be achieved in three phases:
During 2012, environment quality will be continuously improved, environment renovation will be fruitful and the campaign to construct the national conservation culture model city will be launched.
In 2014, environment quality will be tangibly improved, happiness will be widely increased, funds for environmental protection will exceed 3.5 percent of the GDP, all townships will have sewage treatment facilities, the coverage rate of state-level conservation model districts and towns will reach 80 percent, and Zhuhai will have become a national eco-city.
In 2016, the conservation culture will be significantly fruitful, the industry will be constantly developed, and coordinated development of nature, society, the economy and environment will be achieved. A resources-effective and environment-friendly industrial structure, growth mode and consumption pattern will be formed, and Zhuhai will take the lead in becoming a national conservation culture model city.
To make Zhuhai such a model city, conservation safety, economy, environment, culture and habitat systems will be improved in the four ensuing years.
Taking full advantage of the Zhuhai Conservation Culture Construction Plan, efforts will be made to put the eco-system structure and functional partitioning into the city’s overall and regulatory plans and to make sure that land for conservation use will exceed 50 percent by 2015.
High-end manufacturing, hi-tech industry and high-end services will be substantially developed to create a sustainable-development industrial cluster; meanwhile, a circular economy will be developed to push cleaning production, energy conservation and low-carbon city construction.
Furthermore, formulation of task-oriented plans to control solid-waste pollution, protect drinking water sources, prevent heavy-metal pollution and others will be accelerated. Environmental admittance examinations for major pollutants and strict restriction for certain regions will be conducted. At the same time, garbage sorting and construction of trash treatment facilities will be propelled. The harmless-level rate for urban domestic waste will reach 100 percent by 2015.
Not only this, construction of the conservation culture will be widely promoted and an education system including textbooks, curricular and activities will be established. Moreover, establishment of environmental protection volunteer groups in schools, residential communities, enterprises, universities and colleges will be strengthened to give them full play.
Besides, solutions to wastewater, garbage, chemical fertiliser, pesticides, poultry and livestock breeding and other pollution sources will be found. Xiangzhou District will pass the state-level conservation model districts acceptance inspection in 2012; Hengqin New Area and Jinwan, Doumen districts, the Gaolan Port Economic Zone and Wanshan Marine Development Experimental Zone will complete construction of provincial-level conservation model districts by October 2013 and apply to become state-level conservation model districts by April 2014. By the end of that year, 80 percent of the villages will be city-level conservation models.
Ten programmes covering 35 major projects are to be completed in the four years. They cover ecological preservation and restoration; pollution control; resources, energy and transport guarantees; circular low-carbon economy; environment monitoring and forewarning; building up eco-agriculture and eco-tourism; and eco-culture promotion and education.
For example, the ecological preservation and restoration programme calls for a water conservation forest and ecological system in water resource areas, river dredging, greenway construction, forest expansion, deserted landfill reforestation and so on. Reforestation will be conducted at all deserted landfills by 2016.
Furthermore, the circular low-carbon economy demonstration programme encompasses formation of a featured conservation industry chain in the Gaolan Port Economic Zone and Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone Conservation Industry Park, and construction of one or two conservation industries in industrial parks by 2015.
In addition, the conservation Zhuhai network construction programme requires that the topic of conservation culture construction be included on Zhuhai portal websites to report on experiences.
The city spends 2 percent of its GDP each year and has invested 13.1 billion yuan ($2.06 billion) in the conservation programme and key environmental protection projects since the 11th Five-Year Plan period.
So far, four state-level conservation model towns and villages; 15 provincial-level conservation model towns, villages, residential communities and industrial parks; and 102 city-level conservation model villages and residential communities have been created, with the city coverage rate of 38.7 percent.
There are 107 green schools, 34 green residential communities, eight environmental protection education bases, 148 various green societies and 70,000 green envoys and volunteers in the city.